CO2-Reduktion bedeutet Klimaschutz. Bild: Shutterstock

Climate Protection

Climate protection is part of environmental protection and an umbrella term for all measures and concepts to counteract the consequences of climate change.
The increasing emission of greenhouse gases by humans, mainly due to increasing industrialization, creates a greenhouse effect. This is considered the main cause of global warming.

Protecting the climate therefore means releasing as few harmful substances as possible into the atmosphere (e.g. CO2, methane, nitrous oxide). Many of these substances are produced not only in industry but also in everyday life and can be easily reduced and avoided by taking small measures.

The most important international treaty on climate protection is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This now comprises 197 member states, as well as the EU as a regional economic organization.

However, reaching a common consensus is often very difficult, especially because of the large number of interests represented. Despite decades of climate policy efforts

no successes can be seen, for example, with regard to the development of CO2 emissions.

In addition to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, there are also other international political efforts to promote climate protection in industrialized, newly industrializing and developing countries, such as the Kyoto Protocol, which obligates the signatory countries to limit and reduce six greenhouse gases compared to the year 1990. Weak point here: Only the industrialized countries have committed to the targets. In 2015, the Paris Agreement followed as a successor.

Image: Shutterstock

Wolfgang Korne
Author: Wolfgang Korne

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