Smarte Gebäudetechnologie spart Energie

Smart building technology

Smart building technology is advanced building technology that saves energy, reduces carbon footprint and can also rely on the Internet of Things (IoT) for building control. . It is characterized by a (continuously) networked automation and control system.

Smart buildings must respond flexibly to changing user requirements and environmental influences. For a building to be both sustainable and user-friendly, building technology and digital solutions must work together smoothly. The focus is on convenience, careful use of resources and safety.

However, buildings with smart building technology not only offer a high level of comfort, they are also set to become a building block in the energy transition. In the EU, buildings are responsible for 40 percent of energy consumption and 36 percent of CO2 emissions.
By 2050, the German government therefore aims to have a nearly climate-neutral building stock. To achieve this, the energy requirements of existing buildings must be reduced by at least 80 percent. That is by all means an ambitious goal. But smart building technology could help make it achievable, even independent of user behavior. For example, modern ventilation technologies increase the energy efficiency of buildings and at the same time reduce the aerosol concentration in indoor air, which can also contribute to better protection against infection in winter. An intelligent control system ensures more efficient energy use. It can use sensors to detect how many people are in a room and automatically regulate lighting and heating based on this information. In addition, maintenance costs are reduced: Sensors are installed in building systems, such as elevators, to measure and monitor the condition of components.

Smart building technologies are used in large office buildings, airports and shopping malls. This also requires a good safety concept. In principle, a complex system with thousands of networked sensors also offers a high number of attack points for cybercriminals.

For the control of buildings, a so-called digital twin is often developed that maps the physical properties, functions and processes in a computer model and thus makes them controllable. Such digital twins also make the buildings themselves “smarter” . They can more easily adapt their operations to changing factors.

Wolfgang Korne
Author: Wolfgang Korne

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